World Sleep Day being observed today
This year's theme is 'Healthy Sleep, Healthy Aging'.
World Sleep Day is an annual, global call to action about the importance of healthy sleep as sleep is part of a broader challenge to be holistic in our approach to being our best in our professional and personal lives.
World Sleep Day aims to spread awareness about sleep-related issues, and the prevention and management of sleep disorders.
Though most sleep disorders can be prevented and cured, less than one-third of the people with sleep issues reach out for professional help.
This, despite the fact that these issues affect the health and quality of life of about 45 per cent of the global population.
There are many different types of sleep disorders. They are often grouped into categories that explain why they happen or how they affect a person. They can also be grouped according to behaviors and problems with one's natural sleep-wake cycles, breathing problems, difficulty sleeping or how sleepy one feels during the day.
Some common types of sleep disorders include:
This type of sleep disorder involves the inability of falling asleep or staying asleep throughout the night.
In this sleep disorder, one experiences abnormal patterns in breathing while sleeping. There are several types of sleep apnea.
Restless legs syndrome (RLS):
This syndrome is a type of sleep movement disorder, also called Willis-Ekbom disease, which causes an uncomfortable sensation and an urge to move the legs while one is trying to sleep.
It is again a sleep-related movement disorder, which involves clenching or grinding of teeth during sleep. People who have this disorder are more likely to have other sleep disorders, such as snoring and pauses in breathing (sleep apnea).
This is a kind of disorder in which a person has trouble staying awake during the day. This includes narcolepsy, a condition characterised by extreme sleepiness during the day and falling asleep suddenly during the day. People with a hypersomnia may fall asleep at times that are inconvenient or even dangerous, such as at work or while driving
The disorder involves acting in unusual ways while falling asleep, sleeping or waking from sleep, such as walking, talking or eating.
Circadian rhythm disorders:
The disorder involves problems with the sleep-wake cycle. They make one unable to sleep and wake at the right times.
What causes sleep disorders?
There are different causes for different sleep disorders, such as depression, anxiety or genetics or something more severe such some internal disease or disorder. Sometimes the cause is not known.
At other times, some key factors in our lifestyle causes disruptions in our sleeping pattern such as irregular work schedule, more intake of caffeine and alcohol or simply aging, as with growing age, people often get sleep or spend less time in deep and restful stage of sleep.