The images were obtained almost three years after the unmanned mission vessel was launched aboard an Ariane 5 Rocket.
The cameras attached the BepiColombo provided black-and-white images, the ESA said in a statement.
But as the spacecraft arrived on the night side of the planet, conditions were "not ideal" for taking images at its closest approach to the planet, an altitude of 199 kilometres (124 miles), so the closest was from about 1,000 km.
The region shown is part of Mercury’s northern hemisphere, including large craters and an area flooded by lava billions of years ago.
"The flyby was flawless from the spacecraft point of view, and it's incredible to finally see our target planet," said Elsa Montagnon, Spacecraft Operations Manager for the mission.
The BepiColombo mission will study all aspects of this mysterious inner planet from its core to surface processes, magnetic field and exosphere, "to better understand the origin and evolution of a planet close to its parent star", said the agency.
Mercury is also the only rocky planet orbiting the Sun beside our own to have a magnetic field.
Magnetic fields are generated by a liquid core but given its size, Mercury's should have grown cold and solid by now, as Mars did.
This anomaly might be due to some feature of the core's composition, something BepiColombo's instruments will measure with much greater precision than has been possible so far.
On its surface, Mercury is a planet of extremes, vacillating between hot days of about 430 degrees Celsius (more than 800 degrees Fahrenheit) to super-frosty nights of minus 180C (minus 290F).
Those days and nights last nearly three Earth months each.
Earlier missions have detected evidence of ice in the deepest recesses of the planet's polar craters.
Scientists speculate that this may have accumulated from comets crashing onto Mercury's surface.
BepiColombo is due to make five more flybys of Mercury during a complex trajectory that will also see the satellite fly past Venus and Earth.
It could not be sent directly to Mercury, as the Sun's pull is so strong that a huge braking manoeuvre would be needed to place the satellite successfully, requiring too much fuel for a spacecraft of this size. The mission will last for around another five years.
The gravity exerted by the Earth and Venus -- known as gravitational assist -- allows it to slow down 'naturally' during its journey.
Joe Biden launches climate and jobs programs — but no new pollution-cutting goals
A lawsuit alleging privacy violations by OpenAI was dismissed
Epomaker’s TH80 Pro mechanical keyboard is down to just $71.99
Govt to create conducive environment for free, fair elections: Solangi
Maryam rejects rumours about change in date for Nawaz Sharif’s return
PM Kakar calls for countering all terrorists including Hindutva inspired extremists
Winter activity and political turmoil!
Government, opposition and public!
Present regime and dengue!
The repetition of history and the hidden sciences!
Whispers, rumors and rulers' narrative!
Alleged kidnapping of Sheikh Rasheed!! | Breaking News | GNN
Important personality's arrival at Election Commission | News Headlines | 02 PM | 22 September 2023
Big Relief from Supreme Court | Breaking News | GNN
PPP appeals to the Election Commission! | Breaking News | GNN
Audio Leaks Case | Breaking News | GNN
Pervaiz Elahi's big Revelations | Breaking News | GNN
Business 1 day ago
Dollar settles at Rs292.75 in interbank
Sports 2 days ago
Sri Lanka faces crisis ahead of WC as Shanaka steps down as Captain
Regional 1 day ago
What’s the state of the Hollywood strikes?
Technology 2 days ago
The cheaper $600 Asus ROG Ally is here, and you probably shouldn’t buy it
Technology 1 day ago
Read the full unredacted email where Microsoft reacts to Sony’s PS5 reveal
Business 18 hours ago
Dollar further falls against Pakistani rupee
Pakistan 1 day ago
Imran Khan permitted to meet legal, medical teams
Technology 1 day ago
What to expect from Microsoft’s ‘special’ Surface and AI event